Nepal is situated in the central region of the Greater Himalayas and it contains more of the world's highest mountains than any other country. These include Makalu, Lhotse, Annapurna, Manaslu, Dhaulagiri, and of course, Everest. As in Bhutan and Sikkim, the brief but heavy monsoon nourishes an abundance of exotic vegetation which cloak the hills with bamboo and a multitude of other plants, flowers, and trees. Pleasant rural villages are linked by paths through paddy fields, forest, and yak pasture, giving trekkers access to the foothills and mountains beyond. 

The Himalayan country-Nepal
The Himalayan country Nepal lies along the central section of the Greater Himalayas, bordered by Tibet to the north and India to the east, south, and west. It encompasses many of the world's highest mountains, including Mount Everest (29,128 ft./8,878 meters) which lies on its northern border. The terrain and climate define three distinct regions. The southern lowlands (Terai Region) of Nepal have a hot, tropical Indian climate. The central hill areas have a cooler sub-tropical climate and the northern region has an alpine climate. The latter two areas are dissected by deep valleys, formed by run-off from the monsoon and snow melt-water.

The country can be divided into three main geographic regions : 

The Himalayan Region: The altitude of this region ranges between 4877 meters and 8848 meters with the snow line running around 4848 meters. It includes 8 of the 14 summits in the world which exceed an altitude of 8000 meters. (1) Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) 8848 m, (2) Kangchenjunga - 8586 m, (3) Lhotse - 8516m, Makalu - 8463m, (5) Choyu- 8201 m, (6) Dhaulagiri - 8167m, (7) Manaslu - 8163m, and Annapurna- 8091 m.
Mountain Region: This region accounts for about 64 percent of the total land area. It is formed by the Mahabharat range that soars up to 4877 meters. To its south lies the lower Churia range whose altitude varies from 610 meters to 1524 meters.
Terai Region: The low-land Terai region which has a width of about 26 to 32 kilometers and a maximum altitude of 305 meters, occupies about 17% of the total land area of the country. Kechanakawal the lowest point of the country with an altitude of 70 meters lies in the Jhapa District of the eastern Terai.


 26° 12' and 30° 27' North.


 80° 4' and 88° 12' East.


The world's deepest gorge 'Kali-Gandaki' to the highest point 'Everest'  8,848mt.


 Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world,  ranging from sub-tropical Rain forests to Alpine deserts.


 Winter (December-February), Summer (March-May) Monsoon (June-Aug),  Autumn (Sept-Nov) Monsoon mostly rains at night, making the following days crispy clean, and fresh. Most of the northern belt of the Trans- Himalayan zone is rain-shadowed and ideal for trekking


 147,181 sq. km

Capital/Main City :  



 25 million approx. 


Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.


 GMT+5 and 3 quarter hrs.


 Hindu, Buddhist, and multi-religion.


 220 volts, AC, in large lowland towns.