Boudha, Pashupati, Swoyambhu and Kathmandu Durbar square:
The base of the stupa takes the shape of a mandala (symbolizing earth): on this four tiered base sits the dome (symbolizing water): then comes the spire (symbolizing fire): the umbrella (symbolizing air); and the pinnacle (symbolizing ether). The Buddha's watchful eyes gaze out in four directions from the square base of two normal eyes and the 'nose' is not a nose at all but the Nepali number one, signifying the oneness of all life. The spire is made up of 13 steps, representing the 13 stages on the journey to nirvana
The most important Hindu temple in Nepal. It's one of the most important Shiva temples on the subcontinent and draws numerous devotees from all over India, including many colorful sadhus, those wandering ascetic Hindu holy men. Shiva is the destroyer and creator of the Hindu Pantheon and appears in many forms.
His 'temple' forms are probably brst known, particularly his appearances in Nepal as the cruel and destructive Nhairabs, but he also has peaceful incarnation including those of Mahadev and Pashupati, the lord of the beasts. As the shepherd of both animals and humans, Shiva as Pashupati shows its most pleasant and creative side.
The Buddhist temple of Swoyambhu Nath, situated on the top of a hill west of the city, in one of the most popular and instantly recognizable symbols of Nepal. The temple is colloquially known as the 'monkey temple' after the large tribe of handsome monkeys which guards the hill and amuses visitors and devotees with tricks, including sliding gracefully down the double banisters of the main stairway to the temple. Geologists believe that theKathmandu valley was once a lake and legends relate that the hill one which Swoyambhu Nath stands was an island in that lake. It is said that emperor Ashoka paid a visit to the site over 2000 years ago. An inscription indicates that King Manadeva ordered work done on the site in 460 CE and by the 1200s it was an important Buddhist center. In 1346 Mughal invaders from Bengal broke open the stupa to search for gold under the Mallas various improvements were made and the great stairway to the stupa was constructed by King Pratap Malla in the 17th century.
Kathmandu Durbar Square:
Durbar in Nepal 'palace' and in Patan and Bhaktapur, as well as Kathmandu, there are Durbar squares in front of the old palaces. The King no longer lives in the
Old Royal Palace in Kathmandu:
The palace was moved north to Narayanhiti about a century ago. At that time it was on the edge of the city, now it's close to the popular tourist area of Thamel. Clustered around the central Durbar Square and the old Royal Palace (Hanuman Dhoka), numerous interesting temples, the Kumari Chowka or Kumari Bahal (House of the Living Goddess) and Kasthamandap (House of wood). It's easy to spend hours wandering around Durbar Square and the adjoiningBasantapur Square. This is very much the center of old Kathmandu and watching they would go by from the terraced platforms of the towering Maju Deval is a wonderful way to get a feel for the city. Although many of the buildings around the square are very old, the great earthquake of 1934 caused a great deal of damage and many were rebuilt, not always in their original form.